Browsers. The Face of the Web

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Learning to code can seem like an intimidating task, but taking the first step in learning web development should be effortless and accessible. This is the first in a series of weekly programming primers geared to help you traverse the web development journey—front end to back. Fullstack-infographic-week-1-browsers_160314As a web developer, learning how the browser operates will help you make better decisions when programming. A web browser, or browser, is a software application on your computer, mobile phone, or tablet that lets you visit and explore pages, and use applications in the World Wide Web. A browser allows you to engage with the page like login, view multimedia (like your favorite cat video), visit and view multiple pages simultaneously, send and receive email, and more.

Precursors to the web browser emerged in the form of hyperlinked applications during the mid and late 1980s. Tim Berners-Lee is credited with developing the first web server and the first web browser, called World Wide Web (later renamed Nexus) in 1989. It wasn’t long before others began to develop their own browsers. Marc Andreessen‘s 1993 Mosaic (later Netscape) is often credited with sparking the internet boom of the 1990s. Today, the top web browsers we use are Google Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Safari.

Modern web browsers allow for developers to create highly interactive websites—accommodating desktop mouse clicks and mobile device finger swipes. The visual and interactive components of the website is known as front end, which consists of HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language), CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) and Javascript. Every time a new web page is loaded, the website browser works by processing the HTML and CSS to display what you see visually on the page. Allowing you to interact with the page is the programming language known as Javascript. These are the top three vital components to front end development and the functionality of web browsers.

Web browsers are constantly evolving, which means the possible uses for browsers are constantly expanding. At Galvanize, our web development immersive program will take you through the entire full stack process, from frontend to backend. You’ll develop the skills needed to be a successful web developer, adapt to industry changes, and learn how to solve problems.

Stay tuned, as we dive deeper into HTML and CSS.

Want to take the next step and learn more? Check out one of our 8-week workshops in web development and javascript.

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